Richard Sudney from Detroit Michigan U.S.A. is a electronic music producer and sound designer who's influence is heavily seated in early dub techno. A renegade artist with a backwards style of production using out of date and home built equipment, fabricates up lifting vibrant sounds that are far echos of Detroit techno and dub. Releasing tracks on the internet since 2005 under the moniker Monopole and more recently Telegraphy, major netlabels took notice of his unique sound. TestTube, rec72, Clinical Archives, Headphonica, and Happypuppy recordings just to name a few. Richards presents on the web prompted the curation of his own solo artist microlabel Metal-Oxide-Malfunction and then ultimately Ionosonde Recordings in 2010. With dozens of digital albums under his belt, in 2013 he released the phyical CD “Ionosonde” under his own name.